Women in Islam – Al-Rabi’ bint Ma’uwth

I want to introduce this great lady by recalling an incident from the Battle of Badr, so we can learn how great she is. Abdul Rahman ibn Auf was standing in the field of Badr when a young boy came to him and asked him in a whisper where is Abu Jahl.Before Abdul Rahman could answer the young boy, his brother came running and asked Abdul Rahman the same question. The young boys told Abdul Rahman they heard that Abu Jahl always cursed the prophet SAW, so the boys were determined to reach one of two endings; either chop off Abu Jahl’s head or be martyred themselves.

As this discussion was taking place, Abu Jahl passed by riding in pride and glory. So Abdul Rahman pointed him out to the boys and said: This is your prey. Both boys instantly ran towards Abu Jahl and attacked him. We all know that those young boys were the ones who killed Abu Jahl, but how many know the great lady who raised them; their mother?

She is Al-Rabi’ bint Ma’uwth. The lady who used to serve the prophet SAW favorite dishes when he visited her house. She is the lady who had the honor to receive gold and silver ornaments as a gift from the prophet SAW, which he had received from Bahrain. She is the lady who used to pour water for the prophet SAW so that he makes ablution, and then had the honor to narrate it to us in detail.

She is the lady who used to pour water for the prophet SAW so that he makes ablution, & then had the honor to narrate it to us in detail. Al-Rabi’ was among the congregation which swore the allegiance known as Bai’at Al-Ridwan in the 6th year of Hijrah. Hence, she is among those the prophet SAW gave the glad tidings of Paradise when he later on said “Whosoever participated in the Pledge of Al-Ridwan are the holders of Paradise” [authentic].

Furthermore, Al-Rabi was the first woman in Islam to ask for ‘Khula’ (release from marriage), when she disagreed with her husband. Once she was sure they reached a dead end, she asked him to take everything and give her ‘Khula’, and he did. Finally, there are 21 hadiths related to Al-Rabi bint Ma’uth, where some of the most famous followers have narrated her words.

After a long and eventful life, Al-Rabi passed away in the 45th year of Hjrah during the caliphate of Muawiyah.

May Allah be pleased with Al-Rabi bint Ma’uwth.