Tafsir – AlFatihah – Part 4

1:1 : Bismillah: 1. “بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَـنِ الرَّحِيمِ” (In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful). The blessing of saying “Bismillah” before reciting the Qur’an is that Satan “becomes as small as a fly” (hadith). “Bismillah” is recommended before reciting the Qur’an, but also before starting any action or deed such as ablution or a speech. Bismillah is also recommended before eating. “Say Bismillah, eat with your right hand and eat from whatever is next to you”(hadith). Allah is the Name of the Lord. It is said that it’s the Greatest Name because it’s referred to when mentioning various attributes. For instance Allah said”He is Allah no deity but He the Knower of the unseen and the seen”so Allah was used to explain other names. Also in Sunnah “Allah has ninety-nine Names,one hundred minus one,whoever counts (and preserves) them, will enter Paradise”(hadith). Al-Rahman Al-Rahim are two names derived from the Arabic word rahmah (mercy), but Al-Rahman has more mercy meanings than Al-Rahim. In the hadith Allah said “I Am Al-Rahman. I created the Raham (womb, i.e. family relations) and derived a name for it from My Name. Hence, whoever keeps it (womb,i.e. family relations), I will keep ties to him, and whoever severs it, I will sever ties with him” (hadith). Al-Rahman is exclusive for Allah. It encompasses every type of mercy that Allah has. Al-Rahim is what effects the believers. Some scholars said Al-Rahman is merciful with all creation, whereas Al-Rahim is exclusively merciful with the believers. When Musaylimah called himself the Rahman (exclusive to Allah) of Yamamah, Allah made him known by the name `Liar’ and exposed him. When Musaylimah called himself the Rahman (exclusive to Allah) of Yamamah, Allah made him known by the name `Liar’ and exposed him. “Invoke Allah or invoke Al-Rahman, by whatever name you invoke Him” (17:110). Here Allah used his two exclusive names.