Learn Arabic – Lesson 23

In the previous lesson we learned the Arabic possessive nouns. In this lesson, we will learn more about them.

We now know that to say “Your book”, we simply add the letter ‘K’ ك at the end of the word. But there are some exceptions.

For instance, to say “Your father”, we add two letters not one. So first we add a و and then we add the regular ك. Consequently it’s: Your father=Abouk= أبوك and not أبُك. And the same applies to: Your brother=Akhouk= أخوك.

And in the same way, we say: His father=Abouh= أبوه by adding a و before the ‘H’ ه. And Her father=Abouha= أبوها.

Now how do we say “My father” and “My brother”? And do they also take this extra و? And the answer is No. They are simply; My father=Abi= أبي, and: My brother=Akhi= أخي.

Let us now move to proper nouns’ ‘Tanween’ (double Dammah). We already know that feminine proper nouns take no ‘Tanween’. Masculine proper nouns do take ‘Tanween’ except for the ones who end with a ة such as Hamzah=حمزة or Usamah= أسامة, they don’t take ‘Tanwee’ just like any other feminine proper noun.

Finally, let’s learn two new prepositions. First, the word “with” in Arabic, which is translated as “ma’a”= مَعَ. So to say: With my friend= Ma’a sadiki= مع صديقي. I am with my friend= Ana ma’a sadiki= أنا مَعَ صديقي. And unless the word coming after مع ends with ي it takes a Kassrah. So we say: With the teacher=ma’a l-Modaressi= مع المدرسِ.

Second, the preposition “at” which is translated simply as ‘B’ or ب. So we say: At the university= bi-Ljameah= بالجامعة. At home= bi-Lbayt= بالبيت. And unlike English, the preposition “at” or ب is always attached to the word after it.

Now let’s conclude this lesson with some vocabulary:

Colleague=Zameel= زميل

Husband=Zawj= زوج

Wife=Zawjah= زوجة

Child (male)=Tefl= طِفل

Child (female)=Teflah= طِفلة

Son=Ibn= ابن

Daughter=Ibnah= ابنة

Boy=Walad= ولد

Girl=Bent= بنت

One=Wahed= واحد

Two= Ethnaan= اثنان

Three=Thalathah= ثلاثة

Four=’Arb’aah= أربعة

Five=Khamssah= خمسة

Six=Settah= ستة

Seven=Sab’aah= سبعة

Eight=Thamaneyah= ثمانية

Nine=Tess’aah= تسعة

Ten=’Aashrah= عشرة.