In this lesson, we will learn the feminine of “This”=hatha= هذا in Arabic.
In a previous lesson we learned to say “This is a boy”=Hatha walad= هذا ولد. However, unlike English you don’t use هذا for girls. The feminine of Hatha is Hathihi= هَذِهِ. Notice the Fathah on the 1st ‘H’ & Kassrah under the letters ‘Th’ and ‘H’ making it ‘Hathihi’. Consequently, the sentence “This is a boy and this is a girl”=Hatha walad wa hathihi bent= هذا ولد وهَذِهِ بنت.
Arabic nouns and adjectives become feminine by adding a “ة” pronounced ‘T’ at the end of the word. And the letter before this ة , i.e. the letter before last, always takes a Fathah. Let’s look at some examples to make it easier.
The word student in Arabic is Talebun= طالبٌ for males. For females you just add the ة, so it becomes Talebatun=طالبَةٌ. Notice in this example, how the word طالبَةٌ took a Fathah on the letter before last بَ.
Similarly, “Teacher” in Arabic is Modarresun= مدرسٌ for males. For females, we add the ة so it becomes Modarresatun=مدرسَةٌ.
There are always exceptions to the basic rule. Therefore, some feminine nouns don’t have a ة as their last letter. Among those exceptions, the feminine of Son=ibn= ابن is Daughter=bint= بنت. And for Brother=Akh= أخ it’s Sister=okht= أخت.
Let’s now terminate this lesson by learning some new vocabulary. This time let’s learn the members of the body. One interesting thing about the members of the body is that double body members are feminine, while single members are masculine.
For instance, we have two hands, two legs, two eyes and two ears. So all four are feminine:
Ear=Othon= أذن … and all four are feminine as we said.
And we have one head, one nose, one mouth and one face. So all four are masculine:
Face=Wagh= وجه … and all four are masculine as we said.