Prophet Mohammed SAW defended human rights for males and females, young and old, regardless of social status. The set of sublime principles set during the prophet’s farewell pilgrimage preceded all other human rights declarations by many centuries. Islamic Shariah law even extended protection to animals, plants and the general environment as one of the branches of faith.
The prophet said “Faith is seventy some branches,the highest of which is [witnessing] that there is no deity [worthy of worship] but Allah and the least of which is the removal of something harmful from the road” [Bukhari and Muslim].
Islam prohibited the taking a life without legal right,regarding it as grave a sin as the killing of all mankind. Let’s read it in the Quran:
“Whoever kills a soul unless for a soul or for corruption [done] in the land – it is as if he had slain mankind entirely. And whoever saves one (a soul) – it is as if he had saved mankind entirely” (5:32).
Islam even prohibited suicide 14 centuries ago and warned whoever commits it with eternal punishment. The prophet SAW said “Whoever kills himself by throwing himself from a mountain will be throwing himself from it in the Hellfire eternally, and whoever kills himself by drinking poison will have the poison in his hand, drinking it in the Hellfire” [Bukhair and Mulsim].
Now listen to this next hadith of the prophet SAW which reflects the infinite mercy of the message of Islam. The prophet SAW said “Whoever points a weapon at us is not from among us” [Bukhari and Muslim]. Could there be greater mercy for mankind?
The prophet SAW did not just prohibit us from killing each other or other human beings illegally, but even prohibited us from scaring them. The prophet SAW said “Whoever passes through one of our mosques or markets with arrows should hold them at their heads to let no Muslim be wounded by him” [Bukhari].
Islamic teachings as taught by the mercy to mankind SAW extended even further to include the protection of minds, not just lives. Listen to this hadith “Every intoxicant affects the mind and everything that affects the mind is forbidden” [Muslim].
Prophet Mohammed SAW encouraged marriage to protect lineage: “O company of youths, whoever of you is able to marry should marry” [Bukhari]. And now, 14 centuries after Mohammed SAW, the world is still lingering in ignorance and oppression by allowing unconditional abortion. Whereas Islam set it clear “do not kill your children” (17:31) and prohibited abortion unless there’s danger to the mother’s life.
To be resumed in shaa’ Allah in Part 5…